Silviculture is the growth and management of trees to meet B.C.’s resource management objectives. It is the art and science of managing the establishment, growth, composition, health and quality of forests on a sustainable basis and also used to manage forests for wildlife, water, recreation aesthetics, or any combination of these or other forest uses.
Pre-planning before harvest has a Site Plan. This plan is a legal and binding document signed off by a Registered Professional Forester. It determines which silviculture system will be used (eg. clearcut, partial cut, single tree selection). Based on the ecosystem, the Site Plan describes the reforestation options such as species, stems per hectare and the time frame to establish a free growing forest (9 to 12 years old and free of competing vegetation).
The VCF monitors its plantations using accredited Silviculture Surveyors. The surveys assess the health and density of the stand to ensure that the area is meeting the goals set out in the Site Plan. Most areas that are harvested are planted within two years. Some of the original harvested areas are now reaching the free growing stage.
In 2019 approximately 350,000 seedlings were planted and a small trial area of Paper Birch.